Mechanical testing covers a wide range of tests, which can be divided broadly into two types:

  1. those that aim to determine a material's mechanical properties, independent of geometry.
  2. those that determine the response of a structure to a given action, e.g. testing of composite beams, aircraft structures to destruction, etc.
Universal Testing Machines (1 pcs)
A universal testing machine (UTM), also known as a universal tester, materials testing machine or materials test frame, is used to test the tensile strength and compressive strength of materials. An earlier name for a tensile testing machine is a tensometer. The "universal" part of the name reflects that it can perform many standard tensile and compression tests on materials, components, and structures (in other words, that it is versatile).